Turkiye is in the northern hemisphere at the point where Asia, Europe and Africa approach each other. Turkey forms a natural bridge between Asia and Europe,and has an area of 779.452 km2. It is a peninsula in that three sides are bordered by water. Most of Turkey’s land is in Asia, which is also known as Anatolia, and the rest is in Europe, also known as Thrace. It is split by the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles. Turkey’s neighbors are: Greece and Bulgaria to the west;Syria and Iraq to the south; Iran and Armenia to the east and Georgia to the northeast.