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XANTHOS

Xhanatos, located in Kınık, 67 km away from Fethiye and 45 km away from Kaş, was the biggest religious and administrative center of Lycia region. Settlement that was established in the east of Eşen River (Xanthos River) extends to 8th century B.C. It showed a great resistance against the Persians in 545 B.C. but could not get rid of the invasion. Xanthos, the leader of Lycian Union in 168 B.C. continued its development during the Roman period. City which was destroyed by Brutus during the civil war in Rome in 42 B.C. was reconstructed by Marcus Antonius the following year. Although being a bishopric center during Byzantium period, it was exposed to Arab invasion and abandoned from the end of 7th century to 10th century.

Triumphal Arch of Emperor Vespasianus (69-79 A.D.) is seen after passing the Hellenistic period gate in the south of the city. In the north of the gate, Nereidler Monument which’s remains of the structure base can be seen was rising. Monument built in 400s B.C., was taken to British Museum in 19th century. In the high pedestal of the monument, two rows of reliefs portraying war scenes were processed. The pediment of the main structure resembling a temple was carried by four striated pillars. Nereid statues (daughters of old sailors Oceanid and Doris, sea fairies) that the temple got its name were placed between these pillars.

Theater of Xanthos from Roman period is well preserved. Tower tombs, which have become one of the symbols of Xanthos, can be seen in the west of the theater. Lycia tomb monument of these still carries an arched sarcophagus. This monument, dater for 4th century, is 8,50 meters high. Harpies Monument right next to it is 8,87 meters high. Around the burial chamber over the pedestal, scenes from the life of the owner take place. Plaster copies of these reliefs are put instead for the originals were taken to British Museum. Monuments are dated for 480 and 470 B.C. according to their

relief styles.

In the Roman Acropolis which is located in a higher point in the north of the city, a magnificent Byzantine Basilica with many rock tombs and funerary monuments attract attention.