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It is believed the oldest carpet in the world is Pazirik carpet, named after the area where it was discovered and was weaved by Central Asia Turks in the 6th - 5th centuries.  this rug is currently exhibited in Leningrad Hermitage museum. İn Turkey  carpets are named  after the attributes or characteristics of the design of the region. They are generally in standards sizes within a few inches difference. Plant extracts are used to dye the carpets. Maturity of the plant, boiling degree the dose of the pigments and composition of the water (chalky or lack of chalky) all affect the color tone. Buckthorn especially, known as "golden tree" , is a precious natural dye source.


The original carpet workbench has the appearance of a wooden frame. Warp ropes is put Side by Side vertically on workbench according attribute and size of the carpet. After preparing the warp, knitting called "çiti"( a knitting to prevent carpet unraveling) shaped of chain is prepared by leaving some margins for chenille. Rug weaving for approximately 4 centimeter is made to prevent knows sliding. So the carpet is ready to touch. Weaver sits on a stool known as "istol" and weaves models drawn on milimetric papers with colored nope ropes which were made as small ball of yarns. After the carpets is woven, to fixate it rug woven is done again. After chain knitting is done, the carpet  is taken out of the workbench from warp section by cutting. It is washed with soap to purify it from dirt and dust that are stuck during the weaving process. Turkish carpets reflecting the feeling, thoughts and dreams of Turkish women are collected in four groups.

Wool Carpets

They are woven since 14th century. The most eligible rule is adult sheep wool. Yagcibekir Milas, Döşemealtı, Yahyalı, Taşpınar, Kars, Niğde, Yörük (Nomad), Shirvan, Başmakçı, Konya, Kazak, Sultanhan and Kula are some of them. Un spite of red, dark blue, white, light blue and yellow are used in western and southern regions, beige, brown, black, turquoise and cream are used in Central and Eastern regions.


Wool-Cotton Carpets

In these carpets wefts and warps are cotton and nodes are wool. they are the most durable carpets due to their tights textile. Kayseri, Konya, Ladik and Hereke are the most important regions that these carpets are woven.


Silk Carpets

Breeding of silk worms was started in the fifth century A.D. Having a hundred nodes in a square centimeter, weaving these carpets is one of the hardest branches of carpet art and preparation of strings and weaving can take months. Kayseri and Hereke silk carpets are masterpieces.


Thin Silk Carpets

They are the most requested carpets of collectors. The carpets woven in Hereke are irreplaceable because they are unique and genuine. These carpets having between 225 and 230 knots per square centimeter are priceless. Therefore they are called "the most precious of the World.