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Trabzon

Coordinate: 41º00’00.00’’K 39º44’00.00’’D Height: 90 m

Trabzon being the largest city of Eastern Black sea Region was established on the slopes of Boztepe. Miletus colonists named here Trapezous. Alexios and David, grandchildren of Adronikos Komnenos I, established Trabzon Pontus Empire with the support of Georgian Queen Tamara after escaping from Istanbul because of the invasion of Latins in 1204. Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror eliminated this state and dominated the region in 1461.

Trabzon is very rich with its historical values and natural beauties. There are numerous churches and monasteries. One of the most important of them is the Church of Hagia Sophia which is used as a museum.

 

Monasteries located in various parts of Trabzon also show that the city was a religious center. Kızlar Monastery, built on the slopes of Boztepe in an overlooking point, is surrounded by high walls. It was built in Alexios III period (1349-1390). Kaymaklı Monastery, located on the slopes of Boztepe facing Degirmendere Valley, was built in 1424. Also, important monastery remains reached today around Maçka, 30 km away from Trabzon. The most important of them is Sumela Monastery, located in Altındere Village. Kuştul Monastery is built in the 8th century near Simsirli Village in Maçka. Vazelon Monastery is located 7 km away from Kiremitli Village in Maçka.

 

The natural beauties of the city attract interest besides the rich historical values. Going to plateaus for economical purposes in hot and humid summers is a common feature. Interest in plateaus increases every day for its cool air, cold water and beauties resembling heavens. Major plateaus are; Hıdırnebi Plateau, Zigana Plateau, Kayabasi Plateau and Uzungöl.

Horon which is played commonly in Black sea Region comes first as culture peculiar to the region. Horon has various types, and it is an indispensable entertainment of Black sea. It is played with a crowd creating a huge circle. The main instrument of horon is fiddle.

Trabzon is very rich with its historical values and natural beauties. There are numerous churches and monasteries. One of the most important of them is the Church of Hagia Sophia which is used as a museum.

 

Monasteries located in various parts of Trabzon also show that the city was a religious center. Kızlar Monastery, built on the slopes of Boztepe in an overlooking point, is surrounded by high walls. It was built in Alexios III period (1349-1390). Kaymaklı Monastery, located on the slopes of Boztepe facing Degirmendere Valley, was built in 1424. Also, important monastery remains reached today around Maçka, 30 km away from Trabzon. The most important of them is Sumela Monastery, located in Altındere Village. Kuştul Monastery is built in the 8th century near Simsirli Village in Maçka. Vazelon Monastery is located 7 km away from Kiremitli Village in Maçka.

 

The natural beauties of the city attract interest besides the rich historical values. Going to plateaus for economical purposes in hot and humid summers is a common feature. Interest in plateaus increases every day for its cool air, cold water and beauties resembling heavens. Major plateaus are; Hıdırnebi Plateau, Zigana Plateau, Kayabasi Plateau and Uzungöl.

Horon which is played commonly in Black sea Region comes first as culture peculiar to the region. Horon has various types, and it is an indispensable entertainment of Black sea. It is played with a crowd creating a huge circle. The main instrument of horon is fiddle.

Must-see places

Hagia Sophia Museum, Ataturk Pavilion, and Sumela Monastery.

Do Not Return Without Doing

Food: the variety of food cooked from anchovy, Corn Soup, Corn Bread, Black Cabbage dishes, Trabzon pita, Akcaabat meatball, and kuymak.

Shopping: so-called Trabzon Works which are bracelets and necklaces woven with gold or silver wires. Manual labor products can be found in many parts of Turkey.

Trip: Uzungöl, Lake Sera, Highlands.

Game: Horon