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T I L E S

Tiles

 

7 different materials found in the nature such as quartz, kaolin, chalk and sand are milled. Water and mud are mixed until they are consistent. Desired objects are shaped by cutting pieces from prepared dough and they are left to dry. Pieces that reach leathers hardness from dough consistency are lined. The lining process allows dried objects to turn into a pure white color. this white background is the most important feature that separates Turkish tiles from other ceramics. then the parts that are lined are cooked slowly for almost a day in a oven that is approximately 900 C°. this process is called biscuits or first cooking. The desired patterns are drawn with a cobalt or Indian ink and inside of the patterns are painted with desired colors. It is covered with a glassy glaze and second cooking is done. Pieces are taken one by one so as not to touch each other and similar parts are put on the rack of the oven. Slowly baked tiles  are also cooled very slowly to avoid being broken by sudden shock. Tile Art works on three main items; vases, plates and tile wall panels. Turkish tile art goes back to the  Karahan Dynasty. It shows that tile art has a history of more than a thousand years. Turks used tile often in architectural decoration