P U B L I C H O L I D A Y S
January 1 - New Year (Yılbası)
April 23 - National Sovereignty and Children’s Day ( Ulusal Egemenlik ve Cocuk Günü Commemorates the first meeting of the Turkish Grand National Assembly in 1920)
May 19 - Commemoration of Atatürk, Youth and Sports Day ( Gençlik ve Spor Gunu .Dedicated to Ataturk and the youth of the Republic)
30 August - Victory Day ( Zafer Bayramı Commemorates the republican army's victory over the invading Greek Army at Dumlupınar during the War of Independence.)
October 29 - Republic Day (Cumhuriyet Bayramı. Commemorates the proclamation of the republic by Atatürk in 1923)
Ramadan Festival (3 days)
Sacrifice Festival (4 days)
The official Turkish calendar is the Gregorian one used in Europe, box religious festivals are celebrated according to the Islamic lunar calendar. Dates in the major Islamic holidays table, below, are estimates ; exact dates are not confirmed until the Moon is sighted.
Turkey celebrates all the main Islamic holidays of which the most important are the month- long Ramazan and 2 months later, Kurban bayramı. Since these holidays are celebrated according to the Muslim lunar calendar. they take place around 11 days earlier each year.
an unofficial half-day holiday for preparation precedes the start of major public and religious holidays; shops and offices close about noon and the actual Festival begins at sunset. Of the religious festivals, only Şeker Bayramı and Kurban Bayramı are also public holidays.
To celebrate the revival of nature, in marriage ceremonies and victory celebrations in spring Turks do wrestling since 4th century B.C. Today, a branch of wrestling which is a traditional Turkish sport Kırkpınar Oil Wrestling is done every year.
The holy month( Ramadan in other Muslim countries) is similar in some ways to Lent. Fasting during Ramadan is one of the 5 pillars of Islam, and for 30 days devout Muslims let nothing pass their lips nothing pass their lips during daylight hours: no eating, no drinking, smoking, or even downing and aspirin. Pregnant or nursing women, young children, the infirm and aged and travelers are not obliged to fast.
Before dawn, drummers wake the faithful so they can eat before sunrise. Traditionally, a cannon shot signals the end of the fast at sunset whereupon everyone sits down to an iftar ( The break of fast meal).
During Ramazan, some restaurants may be closed from dawn to nightfall, but most eateries catering to tourists remain open. As non-muslims, you're allowed to eat and drink when you like - and in the big cities you will find lots of non fasting Muslims beside you - But it is still best to be discreet, especially in conservative towns.
Ramazan is not an official public holiday , although many businesses operate in a half-hearted manner, opening late and closing early. not surprisingly tempers can fray faster then usual at this time and driving can be a bit more erratic
A 3-day Festival let's celebrates the end of Ramadan, Şeker Bayramı (Sweets holiday; Ramazan Bayramı) is so named because during the festival children go from door-to-door asking for Sweet Treats. Their elders go visiting, and everybody drinks lots of tea in broad daylight after the long fast. Banks and offices close; hotels, buses, trains, and planes are booked solid.
The most important religious and secular holiday of the year, Kurban Bayramı (Festival of the sacrifice ) Is just as important to Muslims Christmas is to Christians. the festival commemorates Ibrahim’s near - sacrifice of Ismael on Mt Moriah (Quran, Sura 37; Genesis 22), The same story as the biblical one about Abraham and Isaac .
Every year around 4 million cows and sheep are sacrificed for Kurban Bayramı. every head of household who can afford to buys a beast to sacrifice. Immediately after early morning prayers on the first day off the holiday the animal’s throat is slit. it is then flayed and butchered, and family and friends prepare a feast. part of the meat is given to the needy; the skin is donated to a charity, which then sells it to leather Products Company. these days you won't see the sacrifices in the cities, but out of the countryside it is a different story.
Kurban Bayramı is a four or five day holiday, and Banks usually closed for a full week. transport is packed, and hotel rooms particularly along the coasts, are scarce and expensive.
You need to take Turkish school holidays into account when planning your trip. Along with increasing affluence has come a swelling domestic tourism markets that gets into its stride in mid June and continues right through until mid September. during those months many coastal towns, especially along the north Aegean coast between Istanbul and Izmir, gets very busy and transport can become very crowded.