PERGE ANCIENT CITY
Coordinate: 36º57’36.62’’K 30º51’16.05’’D Height: 21 m
It is 18 km northeast of Antalya, on Alanya highway and in the north of Aksu. It is one of the most important city of Pamphylia regions which must be seen. An inscription in the city gate states that city was founded by Amphilokhos, Mopsos and Kalkhas after Trojan War. Its past is dark until the campaign of Alexander the Great in the 4th century B.C. Ruins of Perga mostly belong to Roman period after it was added to the Roman territory from Pergamum.
15.000 seated magnificent theaters in the left of the road before entering the city greets the visitors. Stage building of this well preserved theater which carries the Helen-Roman characteristics was built in 2nd century A.D. 12.000 seated Stadium beyond the theater is also one of the well preserved structures.
The main gate of the city is passable from the south walls. God and goddess statues excavated from both side of the gate are exhibited in Antalya Museum. A large courtyard in length of 92 meters is entered from this door.
Two magnificent round towers at the end of the courtyard belong to Hellenistic period (3rd century B.C.) gate. Towers open to a beautiful horseshoe-shaped courtyard. On the upper niche from two rows that surround the courtyard, founder of Perga statues, and on the lower niche god statues were placed. Now, only their bases can be seen. Courtyard was designed by the Plancia Manga, daughter of Bithynia Governor Plancius Varus in years between 120 and 122 A.D.
Statues of emperor and empresses until Hadrian period were placed on the gate with three entrances in front of the courtyard. Statues found during the excavations are in Antalya Museum. Area surrounded by columns in size of 75 meters to 75 meters right in east of the Hellenistic gate is Agora of the city.
Colonnaded Street going to acropolis from the gate is intersected by another street inside the city. A water channel lies in the middle of the colonnaded street. A fountain belonging to Hadrian period is located at the end of the street.
Water flowing under the river god Kestros falls to the pool, and from here, it was spread to the city by channels in the middle of the street. Elevation behind the fountain was acropolis area.