Myra Ancient City
Coordinate: 36º16’22.17’’K 29º50’16.37’’D Height: 836 m
Myra, located in Demre district and one of the biggest cities of Lycian Union; is famous for magnificent rock tombs, theater from Roman period and Church of St. Nicholas.
Its history extending the date at least 5th century B.C., continued developing in the 2nd century A.D. In the 4th century A.D., St. Nicholas also known as Santa Claus was patriarch in Myra, and was put in a sarcophagus in a church named after him after he died. Myra became the center of Lycia region during Theodosius II period. Population of the city was decreased for reasons such as increase of the Arab invasion since the middle of the 7th century, earthquake, flood, and it wrapped into a village identity in the 12th century.
The acropolis of the city is over the rocks where the theater leans. Especially during the Roman period, city that developed in the plains at the foot of the hill swallowed under the alluvium brought by Demre River. 35-seated theater in the southern slopes of the rocks is well preserved. Architectural pieces of ruined stage building are scattered. Some changes had been made for the theater being used as an arena in later periods.
Rock tombs that dated for 4th century constitute the most magnificent ruins of the city dated for 4th century. One of them is located in the slope next to the theater, and the other one is in the area named as river necropolis in the west of Demre (Myros) River. Some tombs have inscriptions and various reliefs were processed.
Rock tombs, the ancient theater and the Museum of St. Nicholas.
Do Not Return Without Doing
Trips: Boat trip to Kekova. Andriace, port city of Myra is in Çayağzı.
Activity: A call to world peace with Santa Claus, December 1th -7th.