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Mount Nemrut

Coordinate: 38º30’06.36’’K 42º16’54.04’’D Height: 1839 m

There is a tumulus located at the summit of Mount Nemrut which is 2150 meters high, in the northeast (43 km) of Kahta District in Adiyaman. This tumulus, at a height of 50 meters and 150 meters wide, belongs to Commagene State King Antiochus Epiphanes (62-63 B.C.). It is rumored that Antiochos was buried in a tomb carved into the rocks and tumulus was created by covering this room with small stones. East, west and north of the tumulus are covered with three courtyards. Northern terrace of the tumulus is a ceremonial way connecting the eastern and western courtyards.

Eastern courtyard is decorated with magnificent sculptures and reliefs. In the courtyard by the tumulus, there are god and king statues in height of 8 to 10 meters. They are in an order and all of their heads fell to the ground. God statues from left to right are Apollo, Tyche, Zeus, Antiochus and Heracles. On the both sides of this row, eagle and lion statues were standing as a guard. There were inscriptions of commandments and laws of the country and details of worship process on the back side of the statue pedestals. East of the courtyard was bordered with a fire altar; north and south were bordered with orthostats (stone slabs). Reliefs depicting Persian (father) ancestors of Antiochus in the east row, reliefs depicting Macedonian (mother) linage are embroidered.

Also, statues in the western courtyard of the tumulus are formed as same as in the east. Those statues which’s head are on the ground have been better protected. Orthostatic rows showing the linage are located in different places because of the topography. Reliefs of Macedonian ancestors are placed across the statues, and reliefs of Persians are placed in the east of the courtyard. Relief of Antiochus handshaking with gods and lion relief are interesting in western courtyard. Stars in the lion relief, give the date of July 7, 62 B.C. when Antiochus acceded to the throne.