Coordinate: 37º18’44.05’’K 40º44’06.40’’D Height: 1046 m
Mardin has a history extending into the past, but it became important in Turkish period. Il Gazi Bey from Artuqid made the city capital after capturing it in 1105. Thus, many buildings were built in the city during the 304 years (1409) sovereignty of Artuqid starting from the beginning of the 12th century.
Mardin is famous with its castle on the hill, and stone houses in the slopes of this hill. It is assumed that the castle was built by Hamdanis in the 10th century. Mosque and house remains are seen in here. Mardin houses where yellow limestone is used because of easy working draw attention with their elaborate stonework.
The city’s most famous mosque is Ulu Mosque, built by Artuqid in the 12th century. Upwards the Ulu Mosque, Zinciriye Madrasa which is also an Artuqid structure is located. It was built by Melik Mecdeddin Isa in 1385. It consists of a mosque, a mausoleum and various places around the courtyard. Kasımiye Madrasah is one of the other important monuments of the city. It is assumed that madrasah which consists of a mosque and a mausoleum was started building during Artuqid period and completed by Sultan Kasım during Akkoyun period.
Another historical richness of the city is the churches and monasteries. Deyrü-l Zafaran Monastery was the Syrian patriarchate center of Syrians until 1932. Establishment of the monastery is dated to 4dth century. It still protects its importance even the patriarchate was moved to Syria.
Mardin Houses, Zinciriye Madrasah, Kasımiye Madrasah, Deyrü-l Zafaran monastery.
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Food: Almond Candy, Walnut Sausage, İkbebet (Stuffed meatballs), Semberuk, İrok, Kibe, and desserts.
Shopping: Telkari Silver and Gold processing, Hand Made Products