The Magnesia Gate is a triumphal arch gate from the 3rd century BC that served as the eastern entrance to the ancient city of Ephesus. The triple-arched gate, flanked by two large towers, was named so because it faces the city of Magnesia to the south. This gate was the first line of defense against Magnet invaders from Magnesia. If the Magnets managed to break through the Gate, they would find themselves surrounded by archers atop the high walls of a courtyard, their route into the city barred by yet another gate.
Under Roman rule, beginning in 129 BC, the gate lost its strategic importance to the city and two arches were added to either side of the large central arch; pedestrians would enter the city through these smaller arches while horses and chariots would enter through the large central arch. During the reign of the Roman Emperor Vespasianus, the Magnesia Gate was renamed the Gate of Honor.
The Magnesia Gate is located next to the East Gymnasium, where young boys would go to be educated in oration. This is just one of many Gymnasiums located around the ancient city. The Gate was also the beginning of a 1-mile sacred path to the Temple of Artemis. Many people, from all over the ancient world would make a pilgrimage to Ephesus to see this wonder of the ancient world.
Although not open to the public, the standing remains of the Magnesia Gate are easily visible from the road. The Gate is located next to one of the main entrances to the city, where tourists can take a more leisurely walk for their Ephesus tour.
Other nearby sites include the Basilica of Ephesus and the Commercial Agora