The Turkic family comprises some 30 living languages spoken across Eastern Europe, Central Asia, and Siberia. Turkish is a member of the Oghuz group of languages, a subgroup of the Turkic language family. … The Turkic languages were grouped into the now discredited Altaic language group.
Turkish is spoken by over 200 million people and is the world’s 7th most widely used language, out of over 4000. Some 70 other languages and dialects are also spoken in Turkey.
The national language of Turkey is Turkish, a member of the Turkic language family. During Ottoman Empire, the script that they use known which few people could write. Back in 1928, Ottoman Turkish, which used a lot of Arabic and Persian words, was replaced by the language spoken today. Ataturk, founder of the Turkish Republic decided to switch to the new alphabet to improve levels of literacy. Ottoman script was abandoned for the Latin alphabet, and from 1932 the Turkish Language Association reintroduced many long forgotten Turkish words.
Most of the tourists spend their time in Sultanahmet, Cappadocia, or resort towns on the Mediterranean and Aegean coasts. Most of the Turks they meet there work in tourism, so they all speak English as well as several other languages.
Restaurant menus and other information for foreigners are often printed in English.
But If you learn little bit of some basic Turkish words and phrases, people will be so happy and more than happy to help you