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​​Kayseri

Coordinate: 38º44’00.00’’K 35º29’00.00’’D Height: 1056 m

Kayseri has always been one of the major trade centers of Anatolia for being on important trade routes. Kültepe, located at 20 km Northeast was one of the most important centers of Assyrian Age of Trade Colonies (2000-1750 B.C.).

There was a colony named Mazaka which was founded by Assyrian in Kayseri’s current location. During the Kingdom of Cappadocia the city was named Eusebia and it was the center of the kingdom. It was called Kaisareia during the Roman period and its current name comes from it. Turks, who entered Anatolia with Malazgirt victory in 1071, also controlled this region.

Kayseri, as one of the developing industrial city of Turkey, is also rich in historical monuments. It is unknown when or by whom Kayseri Castle, located in the city center, was built except its repair inscriptions. Another precious historical artifact in the city center is Kulliye of Hunat Hatun which was built by Mahperi Hunat Hatun, wife of Seljuk emperor Alaaddin Keyqubad I, in 1239. Kulliye structures consisting of a mosque, a madrasah, a mausoleum and a bath is one of the most beautiful structures of Seljuks. There is an inscription stating that Kayseri Great Mosque was built in between 1205 and 1206. It is supposed to be built by Danish mends, a Turkish clan. Roman and Byzantine columns were used in its construction.

Kumbets in Seljuk tomb type can be seen in Kayseri. Most famous kumbets in Kayseri are Double Tomb (Çifte Kümbet) which was designed for Melike Adile Sultan, wife of Alaaddin Keyqubat I, in between 1247 and 1248; and the Revolving Tomb (Döner Kümbet) belonging to Shah Cihan Hatun.