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Harran

Coordinate: 37º09’25.58’’K 38º52’038.95’’D Height: 481 m

Harran, located 44 km southeast of Şanlıurfa, is in the center of the plain which bears its name. Assyrians gave a great importance to here for being on important trade routes. A great temple was built for very popular Moon god Sin.

Harran became an important cultural center after taken over by Muslim Arabs in the 7th century A.D. Remains of the one of the oldest mosque of Anatolia, Harran Ulu Mosque, still can be seen. It was built by Umayyad rules Marwan II in years between 744 and 750. The structure which was expanded by Aleppo ruler Nureddin Mahmud Zengi in 1174 covered a large area.

 

The most interesting structures of the Harran are cone-shaped domed houses. These houses are cool in summers and warm in winters according to the climate.