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Church of Virgin Mary

Coordinate: 37º56’41.74’’K 27º20’23.44’’D Height: 6 m

Church of Mary across the ruins of Byzantine bath near the other entrance of the Ephesus in the north is the first church on behalf of Virgin Mary in Anatolia. It was a Basilica built in 2nd century A.D. before the church. After the declaration of freedom of worship, the structure was converted partially. It hosted the Ecumenical Council held in Ephesus in 431 A.D.

The road continuing in front of the Grand Theater to north leads to Stadium. Various ceremonies, contests and gladiatorial fights were held in here. Seats of the Stadium built in Emperor Nero (45-68 A.D.) period were used in construction of the walls in Ayasuluk Hill. Vedius Gymnasium in the north of the Stadium is with its notable with its ruins. Gymnasium-Bath complex built by Publius Vedius Antoninus, one of the wealthy people of Ephesus, was presented to Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.).