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Anıtkabir

Coordinate: 39º55’35.81’’K 32º50’06.88’’D Height: 907 m

Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the founder of the Republic of Turkey, died in November 10, 1938; his body was put into the Ethnography Museum in November 21, 1938. To acquire a monumental status of love of Turkish people to him, Anıtkabir’s foundation was laid in 1944. It was completed in 1953 after 9 years of work. Atatürk was brought to his eternal resting place in November 10, 1953 after the 15th year of his death. Anıtkabir which was surrounded by Barış Park, has been decorated with sculptures, reliefs and ornaments created by the most outstanding artists of Turkey.

The first section of the structure which consists of three sections, is the Road of Lions; the second section is Ceremonial Plaza where the Road of Lions led; and the third section is Mausoleum. On the both sides of 262 enters long Road of Lions, there are 12 sitting lions statues on each side. Lions symbolize the power and strength of the Turkish nation.

Ceremonial Plaza at the end of the road is in size of 129 meters to 84.25 meters, "meters, and it has a capacity of 15,000 people. Around the plaza, there are symbolic sarcophagus of Ismet Inonu, Special Atatürk Library, Atatürk and War of Independence Museum and Mausoleum.

Mausoleum, the most important structure of Anıtkabir, is climbed up by 42 stairs. It is in size of 72 meters to 52 meters; and it was surrounded by 14.40 meters long columns, 8 in front and back, 14 in side façade. Symbolic sarcophagus of Atatürk stands in Hall of Honor which is entered from bronze doors. The actual burial chamber is under this sarcophagus; it has an octagonal mausoleum architectural style, and its ceiling is decorated with geometric mosaic patterns. Around the red marble sarcophagus in the center of the burial chamber, brass vases sent from all provinces are aligned.